Welthungerhilfe India, Nepal, Bangladesh
102ndposition out of 117 countries under the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2019
7.4 millionchildren are estimated to have low birth weights in India
70 percentchildren aged 6- 59 months are anaemic in India
According to the GHI 2019, India’s hunger level is ranked as ‘Serious’. The country scores 102nd of 117 countries with a higher hunger level than Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan. India’s high ranking with a score of 30.3 draws attention to the country’s stubbornly high proportions of malnourished children. India’s child wasting rate is extremely high at 21 percent (NFHS 4); it’s child stunting rate, 38.4 percent (NFHS 4), is also categorised as very high in terms of its public health significance.
Inadequate dietary diversity, communicable diseases, lack of knowledge on childcare, less access to safe drinking water, poor feeding practices, and poor hygiene and sanitation are some of direct causes of malnutrition in the country. Structural causes include poverty and debt traps, lack of access to resources as land and water, insufficient access to public services, high illiteracy rates and climate change that adversely affects food availability. To address these dimensions, Welthungerhilfe works to address all four pillars of food and nutrition security- availability, access, utilization and stability.
Welthungerhilfe promotes a multisectoral multi-stakeholder action approach when it comes to addressing the complex, inter-generational problem of hunger and malnutrition so that the gains from one sector are not lost through the leakages from the other sectors. Nutrition security is promoted among the vulnerable populations and age groups such as women (15-49 years) and children (0- 5 years) to have access to diversified nutritious diets through nutrition education and behaviour change.
Innovative approaches are implemented to improve the key indicators related to food and nutrition security in the most vulnerable parts of the country. The objective is to ensure that basic and underlying causes (nutrition sensitive) as well as immediate causes (nutrition specific) are addressed. The focus is therefore both on food security (access and availability), and nutrition security (utilisation and stability). The approaches are based on a premise that in longer term poor people can break out from the cycle of poverty and malnutrition if adequate welfare schemes are in place and basic rights are fulfilled; such as access to proper education, access to food and income, better health services, and state-run welfare programs.
Welthungerhilfe, therefore, focuses on the right-based approaches to access government programmes. It’s multisectoral approach to nutrition aligns fully with the Government of India’s National Nutrition Mission (Poshan Abhiyan) which aims at reducing levels of under-nutrition and other related problems by ensuring convergence of various nutrition related schemes. It supports in mobilising various government programmes related to agriculture, public distribution systems, health, livelihoods, and WASH for improved nutrition outcomes.
Welthungerhilfe is also working towards strengthening the process of correct detection of malnutrition in rural India. Under its digital innovation programme, Welthungerhilfe is piloting a Child Growth Monitor (CGM) application to ensure precise and accurate anthropometric measurements of children using artificial intelligence (AI).
Nutrition Smart Villages to secure nutrition in South Asia
Nutrition Smart Village is based on a multisectoral approach to address the underlying causes of malnutrition
Digital Innovation to fight hunger
‘Child Growth Monitor’ (CGM) - an application using artificial intelligence (AI) to fight hidden hunger
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