Supported by Viva Con Agua, the WASH initiatives aim to contribute to improved water security and community health in selected states of India and to complement Government policies and programmes.
The objectives of the programme are: Improving Water, sanitation and hygiene practices of the community in selected areas of India, increasing institutionalisation of processes and mechanisms for community management of water related resources and enhancing access to entitlements, particularly for the weakest and marginalized sections of society.
During the implementation, the project team and partners has worked with strong community based institutions such WASH committees, Self Help Groups (SHGs), Adolescent girls and child groups and ensured that community participated in the process right from planning, implementation to monitoring. Representatives of village councils as well as local authorities such as District Magistrate, Sub Divisional and Block Development officers, as well as officials from education, health and others departments have actively supported the initiatives, making it a success in 60 project villages of Jharkhand, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.
Some remarkable milestones, achieved through the implementation of WASH project, include:
- increased availability of toilets,
- improved access to drinking water,
- better community awareness on hygiene and sanitation,
- greater accessibility to government schemes related to water and sanitation,
- strengthened community based institutions (WASH Committee, SHG)
- All the water sources in the respective villages are tested for chemical and biological contaminations. The water testing results are shared with the villagers and identification and marking is done for the water sources not suitable for drinking water.
- The project introduced the idea of the hand pump with raised structure and proper drainage facilities to target groups.
- As the project area in Bihar is known for being highly contaminated with iron, low cost matka or pitcher filters (using charcoal, sands and bricks as filtering materials) are introduced there which helps remove more than 99% of iron. Around 30% population from the project villages has already adopted this household filter .
- Urine diverted ECOSAN toilets are promoted to use the urine and human manure for agricultural purposes